Bill Norman


Bill Norman, owner of WNMB-AM, Norman Communications NMB Incorporated, and co-owner for WVCO-FM "The Surf 94.9" passed away on October 14th, 2012. WNMB(AM) is licensed to North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina USA and is currently silent. WVCO-FM is licensed to Loris, South Carolina USA. Bill was a strong advocate for live radio origination, and not a proponent for the style from the voice-tracking cookie-cutter automated formats from corporate radio. He was very active in his local community, and also provided the local voice through his stereo radio stations. Bill enjoyed broadcasting AM stereo, and showcased his talent in the office reception areas for his radio stations. There were many AM stereo radios displayed for listeners to sample WNMB. There are not many people in the world that showed so much devotion, and cared about their local community, like Bill Norman.

Soon after the meduci AMX2000 tuner was launched, Bill exchanged several e-mail with us, and he requested us to send one AMX2000 tuner to him. Bill also sent video commercials, air checks, logo, and artwork for his WNMB ("Wonderful North Myrtle Beach") AM stereo station, so that we could use for promotion on our web sites. Bill wrote to us, "We believe in AM Radio and in the great stereo sound. ... Just busy all the time and trying to juggle lots of things between day-to-day sales, radio programing, and community things."

On Monday, December 19th, 2005 at 3:30 p.m. Eastern time, Bill activated his new Delta AM stereo exciter at WNMB. Pilot lights on the AM stereo tuners came on in the studio, and the channel separation was immediately evident as "All I Want For Christmas" became the first song played in AM stereo on WNMB. Audio chain consisted of stereo BE console fed to FM stereo generator, which was then drive into a new Armstrong composite STL. This STL was received on the companion Armstrong receiver at WNMB's transmitter site, which is approximately five miles inland from the studios. From the STL to an Orban Optimod 9100A AM stereo processor, and the Delta AM stereo exciter, then to the Gates One AM transmitter. Bill also used one companion Delta AM stereo modulation monitor. Rest in peace, Bill, our friend (May 8, 1949 to October 14, 2012).


It is with deep regret that we pass along the following news: Broadcast veteran Herb Squire confirmed that Leonard R. Kahn, the CEO head of Kahn Communications, passed away from natural causes on June 3, 2012 in south Florida USA at the age of 86 years old.

It has been said that pioneers have arrows stuck to their backs. Kahn was a true pioneer in the AM stereo wars, and took many arrows in his back over the years. Kahn was best known for his ISB AM stereo analog transmission / reception system that actually dated back to 1959, when Kahn worked for RCA Laboratories. This ISB system was not afraid of the dark. Kahn also created the "Symmetra-peak" technology in the late 1950's, that directly competed with Volumax and Audimax from CBS. Kahn's Symmetra-peak was a passive device, that equalized the positive and negative audio peaks that were sent to an AM broadcast station's transmitter. Symmetra-peak system increased the modulation density by several dB prior to the existence for sophisticated multi-band audio processing systems, per Squire. Kahn's other more recent inventions included PowerSide and CAM-D. PowerSide injected independent aural modulated information into one of the two AM broadcast sidebands. PowerSide improves reception from AM stations primarily on manually-tuned AM receivers, especially when first and second adjacent stations are present. CAM-D is an in-band, on-channel digital technology for AM stereo reception, intended to directly compete with iBiquity's HD Radio digital radio system for the domestic AM broadcast band.

Kahn did make contact with us in 2005 from his New York office. He loved AM radio very much!

It is not clear at this time who will continue to service, uphold, support, and to upgrade the Kahn CAM-D and PowerSide technologies and equipment currently being used at AM stations. Kahn held several hundred U.S patents >> read the Kahn Patents here. Kahn was also an Amateur Radio operator (license: WB2SSP). Kahn lost his wife, Ruth, in 2005. Kahn does not have any known survivors. May he rest in peace.


Joe Dentici

With great pride, courtesy of Joe Dentici, who was the Chief Engineer for full-power WATV(AM) in 1982, you can enjoy approximately 31 minutes of AM stereo music using the Kahn-Hazeltine (ISB) format. This exclusive high quality recording was produced without the NRSC-1-B and RF mask limitations currently being placed on AM radio technology within the United States. Audio was 'flat' from the AM stereo transmitter to the Sansui AM stereo receiver, without any audio pre-emphasis and de-emphasis curves being introduced into the process. This is an excellent example of how well AM sounded "back in the day" when the stereo format wars were being battled nationwide. This audio recording was completed in December of 1982, directly recorded from Joe's Sansui AM Stereo receiver (decoded using the Kahn ISB format) off-air from WATV(AM), into one vintage Ampex 601-2 tape recorder, then (finally) to compact disk recorder. Joe said, "There is no coloring of the tapes or of the CD."

Joe wanted to make a difference in the radio broadcast industry, to give to the public a radio station that "sounded like their high fidelity sound system, and not like their radio." Joe built the entire transmission chain: the transmitter was a CCA AM-1000D ("I loved that rig because it was built right and was all tube"), and the audio processing was from two Dorrough DAP 310's ("Mike Dorrough and I are the best of friends, and to this day, I have not seen or heard a better or more natural sounding units than those were"). The feed to the transmitter was from two 15kHz equalized lines, that Joe ensured were as close to flat as could be done. The studio employed one Collins IC-10 Console, ITC cart machines, QRK turntables, and RCA 77DX microphone. Joe said, "Remember that we were not limited in audio response or any RF filters forced on AM stations today. The quality you will hear is what real engineering is all about." And so, without further delay, this is the audio aircheck file>> WATV_900kHz_Kahn_Dec1982 (73MB)

To save the file to your computer, you first right click on the file name called "WATV_Kahn_Dec1982" above, then (depending on the functionality of your web browser), select "Save Target As..." then choose your destination for the audio file to be saved. Please note that you will not be able to stream this file from this web site. You should be able to save the file to your computer following the above instructions!

WATV(AM) still has AM stereo broadcasts, now using the Motorola C-QuAM format. Sadly, Joe Dentici lost his battle with leukemia on June 29, 2006. I enjoyed our past written e-mail conversations about his vast technical history in broadcasting. These pages are dedicated to the memory of Joe. He enjoyed listening to his meduci AMX2000 tuner. May he rest in peace.

Simply the Best!

It is with great sadness that we reported the passing of Edwin R. Buterbaugh (pronounced Boo-ter-baw), on September 1, 2008 from a four-year bout with bladder cancer. Ed was 65 years old, and longtime Director of Engineering at WJR(AM) in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Ed was directly responsible for maintaining the legendary AM stereo sound heard at WJR(AM). Ed completely rebuilt the WJR studios twice, once in 1987, and again in 2001. He was instrumental in ensuring that all WJR(AM) remote live broadcasts were transmitted in stereo, including the annual Thanksgiving Day parade on Woodward Avenue in Detroit. On a personal note, it was absolutely awesome to listen to the many Detroit Tigers baseball and Red Wings hockey live broadcasts in stereo, as well as the Thanksgiving Day parade event. Many were received 200 miles in full stereo from the transmitter. It was not easy for WJR's engineering team to capture the crowd noises, ambience, press box, and other sounds, backhaul it from downtown Detroit to Riverview's transmitter site, and then transmit it on WJR(AM), the 50kW high power "The Great Voice of the Great Lakes" radio station. For those who were able to hear those historical AM stereo broadcasts, it was as if you were there at the stadium, directly in the middle of the action! It was also during Ed's tenure, that their Motorola C-QuAM stereo generator was overhauled, and all of the electrolytic capacitors were replaced within the unit. As a listener to WJR's AM stereo sound almost since the beginning, until its end on October 26, 2005, I know that Ed was very proud of the wide stereo separation and lightly processed air chain that he engineered. Ed's passion for quality AM stereo sound will be missed! There are not many chief engineers like him that share that passion. Mike Fezzey, WJR's President and General Manager, says, "Ed has led us through rebuilds, build-outs, blackouts, uplinks, downlinks, installs, re-installs, AM stereo, transmitter installations, digital conversion and more." Ed retired from WJR(AM) in 2004 after 20 years. WJR's Creative Director John Marshall reflects back on Ed's life. You can listen now by clicking>> here!

It was our love of AM stereo that prompted us to attempt to listen to WJR(AM) stereo in November 1982 using the "two radio" trick. We did not hear any stereo separation, though the recovered sound was definitely phased in different directions from the two radios. WJR(AM) was a heritage station and class act that truly believed in the C-QuAM technology. There was a definite commitment from WJR(AM) to transmit good high quality stereo sound to their listeners. Stereo programing included the weekend music magazines Kaleidoscope and Patterns In Music, which focused on various music genres, themes, and eras, hosted by Mike Whorf. WJR(AM) was one of the few C-QuAM stereo pioneer stations. And those many stereo remote live broadcasts were not easy to put together. Ed's commitment to quality sound inspired us to research, develop, engineer, and to introduce the first AMX2000 stereo tuner in mid-2005. All of our AMX2000 tuners are now dedicated to the memory of Ed Buterbaugh, for your many engineering contributions at WJR(AM).

Prior to arriving at WJR(AM), Ed engineered the signature sound for 13 years at CKLW(AM) "The Big 8" (Windsor, Ontario Canada) in its heyday as a 50kW Top-40 popular music station powerhouse. AM_ST
CKLW(AM) could be heard in four Canadian provinces and 28 United States at night. During the day, CKLW(AM) also could be received in five states (Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, and New York)! Ed was responsible for the booming midrange-heavy music heard from many portable transistor radios of that era. Ed believed in providing the best experience to listeners during his tenure at the station. One day at CKLW, Ed decided to remove the coupling capacitors (in order to likely improve the low bass frequency response), and accidently reduced CKLW's output power to 25kW! He later realized that removing the coupling capacitors allowed DC voltage to ride on top of the audio into the transmitter's modulator stage. This DC voltage shift caused the voltage bias of the transmitter to change, resulting in the reduced power output. Ed said that it could have been worse, had the voltage went towards the other direction, causing the transmitter output to exceed 50kW. Ed was also responsible in 1979 for testing the Harris V-CPM AM stereo system at CKLW(AM). Ed produced a 52-page report detailing his direct findings from the tests. It covered channel separation (as affected by directional antenna systems), adjacent channel interference, directional antenna null protection, distortion in monaural receivers, skywave effects, compatibility, frequency response, distortion, and signal-to-noise ratio.


We wish to thank LORNE TYNDALE, who is Engineering/IT Support at CKLW, CKWW, CIDR, and CIMX- for furnishing this comprehensive Harris V-CPM test report, as written by Ed Buterbaugh and published on July 13, 1979. We are certain that this report will spark some discussion, including the findings and conclusion that the Harris V-CPM system did not degrade, diminish, or decrease the coverage area or signal-to-noise ratio on existing monophonic receivers. It was reported that adding AM stereo does not in any way reduce the mono coverage area; it simply adds a new stereo coverage area over most of the existing mono coverage area. Also, as far as Lorne is aware, the report itself is a part of FCC and CRTC/Industry Canada public domain information, and at this point, the information the report contains is historical, since the Motorola C-QuAM standard was chosen, as opposed to the Harris V-CPM system.

It is interesting to note - the original test proposal called for conducting the same tests using each of the five competing systems from Harris, Magnavox, Motorola, Belar, and Kahn. The proposal was to conduct one week of testing on each system (running the same tests on each). Lorne says that he is only able to find test results/reports for the Harris V-CPM system. Lorne suspects that testing was only performed on the Harris system, but further research would be needed to confirm this suspicion. Lorne knows that when CKLW received permission to broadcast AM Stereo full time (not just for testing), it was the Harris sytem that was selected to be ON AIR at CKLW.







Proceed/Back to The AM Stereo Page